Re: Facebook Accessibility for Users with Visual Impairments


Michal Nowicki <mnowicki4@...>
 

Facebook is definitely promoting the main site!

-----Original Message-----
From: Jfw [mailto:jfw-bounces@lists.the-jdh.com] On Behalf Of Andre Jarreau
via Jfw
Sent: Wednesday, July 15, 2015 2:26 PM
To: 'The Jaws for Windows support list.' <jfw@lists.the-jdh.com>
Cc: Andre Jarreau <andre.jarreau@earthlink.net>
Subject: RE: Facebook Accessibility for Users with Visual Impairments

Just a touch confused. Are they saying accessibility should be through the
main FB site? Or are they promoting accessibility through the mobile FB?

Andre

-----Original Message-----
From: Jfw [mailto:jfw-bounces@lists.the-jdh.com] On Behalf Of Carolyn Arnold
via Jfw
Sent: Wednesday, July 15, 2015 10:53 AM
To: The Jaws for Windows support list.
Cc: Carolyn Arnold
Subject: Fw: Facebook Accessibility for Users with Visual Impairments



Remember, life is what you make it,

Carolyn

----- Original Message -----
From: Victoria
To: Portia Mason ; Debbie Ghee Logan
Sent: Wednesday, July 15, 2015 1:02 AM
Subject: Facebook Accessibility for Users with Visual Impairments








Facebook Accessibility for Users with Visual Impairments: What Facebook
Wants You to Know, by Bill Holton





Reprinted with permission from "AccessWorld," vol. 16 no. 4, April 2015.



Facebook is an excellent way to keep in touch with friends and family. For
users of computer and mobile access technologies, however, at times, there
can be challenges. The company continuously evolves its products, which can
introduce changes to screen-reader flow. So, in order to help readers more
fully enjoy their Facebook experience, we are excited to offer the following
information.



Thanks to consumer feedback, and working with several organizations,
including the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB), Facebook has taken
accessibility to a whole new level. In July of 2011, the company formed the
Facebook Accessibility Team to improve its support of accessibility across
products. Recently, AccessWorld spoke with team founder Jeff Wieland and
accessibility engineer Ramya Sethuraman, who offered us a top-10 list of
things they'd like readers to know about Facebook's accessibility program
and products.



Facebook Offers Extensive Keyboard Navigation



For computer users who do not use a mouse, including most screen-reader
users, the main Facebook web site makes extensive use of headings,
landmarks, and lists, which can be easily navigated with your screen-reader
navigation keys. Additionally, the main Facebook web site also offers an
extensive roster of Access and Shortcut keys to help you navigate the site
and quickly perform actions, such as liking, searching, and sharing.



Access Keys



"Access keys let you jump quickly from page to page [within Facebook] with a
single key combination and without having to tab down to or search for the
appropriate control," says Wieland.



Key combinations vary by browser and/or system:

. Chrome for PC users combine the ALT key with the access keys listed below.

. IE users combine the ALT key with the access keys listed below, completing
each command by pressing the Enter key.

. Firefox for PC users press Shift + ALT in combination with the access keys
listed below.

. Mac users press Control + Option in combination with the command keys
below.



Facebook Access Keys

. Home: 1

. Timeline: 2

. Friends: 3

. Inbox: 4

. Notifications: 5

. Settings: 6

. Activity Log: 7

. About: 8

. Terms: 9

. Help: 0



Shortcut Keys



Much the same way as most screen readers offer single-key navigation
shortcuts to help you quickly find your way around a web page, Facebook
offers a number of single-key commands to perform various actions. Many of
these shortcut keys conflict with browser keys, however, so for now, at
least, you will have to either use your screen reader pass-through command,
or turn off enhanced browser navigation (Forms Mode in JAWS, Focus Mode in
NVDA, and Browser Mode in Window-Eyes).



"If you happen to be in an edit box, or on some other pop-up control, you
may have to tab away or close the dialogue before using the shortcuts," says
Wieland.



Facebook News Feed Shortcuts

. Scroll forward through News Feed stories: j

. Scroll backward through News Feed stories: k

. See more of the selected story: Enter/Return

. Post a new status: p

. Like or unlike the selected story: l

. Comment on the selected story: c

. Share the selected story: s

. Open an attachment from the selected story: o

. Search: /

. Search chat contacts: q

. Open a list of these keyboard shortcuts while in News Feed: ?



Facebook Messenger Shortcuts

. Search conversations: CTRL + g

. Show/hide keyboard shortcuts: CTRL + q

. Archive/unarchive conversation: CTRL + Delete

. Mark as spam: CTRL + j

. Start a new message: CTRL + m

. Go to Inbox: CTRL + i

. Go to Other: CTRL + u



Facebook Is Making Photos and Videos More Accessible



"We're still rolling out the Dynamic Alt Text Generator to more products
that will improve the accessibility of both photos and videos," says
Wieland. "We gather all the metadata a user supplies and combine it to
generate a caption that tells a more complete story about that." This
Facebook Design video shows voicing for photos and videos before and after
Dynamic Alt Text captioning:
https://www.facebook.com/accessibility/posts/441575089212506 (link is
external).



Check out the Mobile Apps for Facebook



Facebook offers a mobile site, but Wieland encourages iOS and Android
screen-reader users to try the native apps for these operating systems.
"We've put a lot of work into improving the accessibility of the Facebook
and Facebook Messenger native apps, and in some cases we can build
accessibility experiences in these applications we simply can't easily
replicate on the web (like use of gestures)," he says.



When you have finished reading a timeline entry using the iOS app, for
example, you can now perform a two-finger double-tap to summon a VoiceOver
menu, which includes options to like the post, comment, turn on
notifications, or indicate "I don't want to see this" (which will hide the
story). The two-finger scrub gesture also now works to close any pop-up or
dialogue screen. The Facebook Messenger iOS app also now includes an action
item on the rotor. Perform a one-finger swipe up to delete a message thread,
mute a conversation, archive a conversation and more.



It's Easy to Contact Facebook



"Facebook offers several ways to get in touch with the Accessibility Team,
and we love getting your feedback," states Wieland. Users can like the
Facebook Access for People with Disabilities page
(https://www.facebook.com/accessibility (link is external)) to stay up to
date on accessibility work and improvements, visit the Facebook
Accessibility Help Center
(https://www.facebook.com/help/contact/169372943117927 (link is external)),
and follow the Facebook Accessibility Team (@fbaccess) on Twitter. The
Accessibility Help Center offers an accessibility bug report contact form
where you can report accessibility issues.



Spreading the Accessibility Message to Other Facebook Employees



In October of 2014, the Accessibility Team launched an installation at
Facebook Menlo Park, Calif. headquarters called the Empathy Lab. The lab is
designed to showcase the different and various methods that people use to
interact with Facebook and broaden the company's understanding of how to
build products that are both usable to those with limited bandwidth and
accessible to screen-reader users.



"We're hoping to give Facebook employees an idea of what it's like to use
Facebook with magnification or a screen reader. We do this with a collection
of laptops and mobile devices which can only be used with a keyboard or
using screen readers or on slow network connections," says Ramya Sethuraman.
"The installation has become so popular, we're looking to expand it to other
campuses so more members of the Facebook team can experience it."



The Facebook Team Is Constantly Improving the Accessible Facebook Experience



Below Wieland outlines just a few of Facebook's recent accessibility
enhancements.

. You now have the ability to control font size in the iOS Messenger app.

. New VoiceOver gestures were added to help people more easily access the
Delete, Mute, and More actions within iOS Messenger.

. New access keys were added to the mobile site.

. A "Skip to News Feed" link was added to Facebook for people using just the
keyboard and screen readers to easily jump to the News Feed stories.

. We now support multilingual caption files for Facebook Videos so you can
provide subtitles for all of your video content.



Facebook Will Keep You Updated



Every month the team posts a comprehensive review of the key accessibility
changes and enhancements. You can find the February 2015 update at
https://www.facebook.com/notes/facebook-accessibility/february-2015-mont...
(link is external). The 2014 year in review is available at
https://www.facebook.com/notes/facebook-accessibility/2014-year-in-revie...
(link is external).



"Follow our Facebook page so you don't miss any future updates," Wieland
suggests. The URL is https://www.facebook.com/accessibility (link is
external).



Facebook Wants Your Help



Facebook has a dedicated User Experience Research team that runs many
different kinds of studies, including in-house usability studies and phone
interviews with people who use their products.



"Our last round of accessibility usability testing focused on TalkBack with
Facebook for Android," relates Wieland.



If you would like to be considered for participation in future studies and
getting paid for your feedback, send an e-mail to the accessibility research
team, accessibilityresearch@fb.com (link sends e-mail).



Accessibility Beyond Facebook



"The Facebook Accessibility Team is passionate about making accessibility
more mainstream, and one of our top priorities is to introduce accessibility
to new audiences," says Sethuraman. "For instance, last year we spoke at
Stanford University to introduce students to writing accessible code. We
also gave a talk on web accessibility basics at the Grace Hopper
Conference."



In addition, the Facebook Accessibility team actively consults and
collaborates with various disability organizations. Notes Wieland, "Last
year we sponsored and spoke at the American Foundation for the Blind's
Leadership Conference. We also sponsored the American Council of the Blind's
summer conference in Las Vegas. We recently joined the American Association
of People with Disabilities Tech Forum and are excited about collaborating
with industry leaders on a range of accessibility related initiatives."



For Global Accessibility Awareness Day (GAAD), Facebook hosted companies
from the Bay Area for a round of lightning talks on accessibility
implementations. Guests included the co-founders of GAAD, Jennison Asuncion
and Joe Devon.



Facebook Is Hiring!



"We recently grew our dedicated accessibility engineering team, and we are
still hiring," says Wieland. "We are actively looking for an accessibility
specialist." You can read more about the position on Facebook's careers
page.





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Before We Rest, by Larry Johnson >.

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